#PeatData

This is a collection of peatland data initiatives (i.e. databases specifically targeted to peatland data as well as databases that contain some peat data amidst other soil, carbon or vegetation data).  If you are you aware of other projects that aim to coordinate large peatland datasets from around the world, please let us know by email or @PeatlandECR on Twitter!

General

– PeatDataHub
A network of scientists who aim to provide a global perspective on peatland processes by combining datasets from around the world as part of a database of monitoring sites. The scope of PeatDataHub is broad and will incorporate a wide range of peatland measurements, beginning with site metadata and water-table depth. Researchers can decide on the level of access to their datasets when they contribute to this database. Information that can currently be uploaded in a standardized format includes:

  • Water table data from individual wells within sites
  • Eyes on the Bog monitoring data
  • Photographs, including 360 images
  • Ancillary data (papers, maps, etc.)
  • Coming soon: rainfall data

– Global Peatland Database
A project of the International Mire Conservation Group (IMCG) located and maintained at the Greifswald Mire Centre. The GPD collates and integrates data on location, extent and drainage status of peatlands and organic soils worldwide and for 268 individual countries and regions. The database contains analogue and GIS maps, reports, observations, pictures, and is supported by the Peatland and Nature Conservation International Library PeNCIL. The GPD regularly produces integrative analyses including biennial worldwide overviews on peatland status and emissions and provides science-based, policy-relevant spatial information for: 

  • climate change mitigation and adaptation;
  • biodiversity conservation and restoration;
  • sustainable land use planning. 

– International Soil Carbon Network
A science-based network that facilitates data sharing, assembles databases, identifies gaps in data coverage, and enables spatially explicit assessments of soil carbon in context of landscape, climate, land use, and biotic variables. Now in its third generation, the ISCN database includes data for over 430,000 individual soil layers from over 71,000 profiles worldwide. The data are presented by several mechanisms:

  • Third generation data are separated into profile- and layer-level data products, available for download only in Excel format. 
  • A map-based data access feature allows the user to specify a geographic extent and select variables to include in a customized data download.

 – Peatlands of Canada Database
Most recently published by C. Tarnocai, I.M. Kettles and B.S. Lacelle in 2011, this database contains maps showing soil organic carbon mass and soil organic carbon content in Canadian peatlands.

Wetland data base for the western boreal, subarctic, and arctic regions of Canada
Published by S.C. Zoltai, R.M. Siltanen and J.D. Johnson in 2000, this database contains wetland locations, classification, physical and chemical peat data and vegetation data. Details of collection and analytical methods are given. This wetland work by the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, was initially intended to determine the environmental sensitivity of permafrost peatlands to anthropogenic disturbance and, later, evaluate the rate of peat accumulation and hence the rate of carbon sequestration in Canadian wetlands. Over 425 wetland sites were investigated throughout western and northern Canada between 1970 and 1989, of which 411 sites, with 626 described, cored, and sampled wetland components, currently appear in the database. 

-Holocene Perspective on Peatland Biogeochemistry
This peatland database facilitates data accessibility and encourages collaborative work within the peatland scientific community. Understanding how biogeochemical processes and ecosystem dynamics respond to hydrological and climatological changes is crucial in the current context of global change. Currently, our data repository includes 268 peat core records from 215 sites located in the northern hemisphere. This valuable information can help resolve fundamental questions related to past, present, and future carbon and nutrient cycling in peatlands.

– Mer Bleue Supersite Data Portal
As part of the mission of the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites, and with funding from the European Space Agency, this data portal will host remote sensing imagery and auxiliary datasets collected over the Canadian peatland Mer Bleue, as well as data and publications from other research at the site. Coming soon – email McGill University MSc student Gillian Rowan to be informed about its release.

SPRUCE Public Products
Available for download only, these products cover Spruce and Peatland Responses Under Changing Environments (SPRUCE). Included are datasets from warming experiments, water levels, respiration data, etc. 

Zenodo
Built and operated by CERN and OpenAIRE, this database aims to ensure that everyone can join in open science. Various peat datasets are included. 

Paleo data

Neotoma Paleoecology Database
An online hub for data, research, education, and discussion about paleoenvironments. The primary philosophy behind Neotoma is data sharing so that users can easily:

  • Discover: find information efficiently by searching the database on spatial, temporal and metedata criteria.
  • Explore: interactively browse and visualize live data and metadata
  • Share: get data and information in a variety of useful formats (e.g., downloads, reports, graphics)

Neotoma’s centralized structure facilitates interdisciplinary, multiproxy analyses and common tool development; discipline-specific data can also be easily accessed. Data currently include North American Pollen (NAPD) and fossil mammals (FAUNMAP).  Other proxies (plant macrofossils, beetles, ostracodes, diatoms, etc.) and geographic areas (Europe, Latin America, etc.) will be added in the near future.  Data are derived from sites from the last 5 million years. 

PANGAEA
Published by Earth and Environmental Science, this site includes peat data such as paleoecology, geochemistry, age-depth, carbon and some proxy data. The map is searchable by location and type of data.  Submitting data to PANGAEA is easy; all you need is your data, accompanying metadata, and the willingness to open up your data to the world. Upon submission, experienced data curators will contact you to help with the process.

Flux data

Global Soil Respiration Database
This is a database of published studies about soil surface CO2 flux (soil respiration) in the field, intended to serve as a resource for scientific analysis. The data is open data in a dynamic, community database which can be modified by, and grows with, the needs of the scientific community. There are multiple ways to contribute data, instructions can be found with the downloaded material. Data from peat soils is included in this database. 

FLUXNET
Over the past 20 years, there have been several data synthesis activities initiated by the FLUXNET research community. The most recent FLUXNET dataset produced is the FLUXNET2015 Dataset, which includes over 1,500 site-years of data from 212 sites. Included in these data are eddy covariance flux data from several peatland sites.  Similarly, the FLUXNET-CH4 Community Product was released in 2020 (see here for detailed description). Led by the Global Carbon Project in close partnership with AmeriFlux and EuroFlux, the synthesis activity resulted in a global database of eddy covariance (EC) methane flux measurements. Screen sites belonging to the Permanent Wetlands (WET) category to find peatland data.

ICOS Data Portal
This portal provides observational data and elaborated products on greenhouse gases, mainly flux and biomet data from eddy covariance stations in Europe. Data sets can be visualised and downloaded fully and/or partially. Several peatland sites are included in the ICOS ecosystem stations network: DE-Msr, DE-SfN, FI-Let, FI-Lom, FI-Sii, FR-LGt, GL-NuF, GL-ZaF, SE-Deg, SE-Myc, SE-Sto, UK-AMo

Vegetation data

sPlotOpen
This dataset includes an environmentally balanced, open-access, global dataset of vegetation plots. sPlotOpen contains three partially overlapping resampled datasets (c. 50,000 plots each), to be used as replicates in global analyses. Besides geographical location, date, plot size, biome, elevation, slope, aspect, vegetation type, naturalness, coverage of various vegetation layers, and source dataset, plot-level data also include community-weighted means and variances of 18 plant functional traits from the TRY Plant Trait Database. Contains data from the European Mire Vegetation Database amongst other wetland data. Find a more detailed description here.

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